A recent neurology study published on JAMA about exercise shows that increased aerobic activity results in improved executive function in healthy adults who had below-average fitness levels,
The 132 sedentary participants, ages 20 to 67 years, were randomly assigned to 6 months of either aerobic exercise (up to 75% of maximum heart rate) or stretching and toning 4 times a week.
At the 24-week follow-up, executive function improved by 0.50 points in the aerobic exercise group compared with a 0.25-point improvement in the stretching and toning group—a statistically significant difference between groups.
The effect of aerobic exercise on executive function was greater in older adults than younger adults. Executive functioning was 0.228 standard deviations (SDs) higher among participants aged 40 years, increasing to 0.596 SDs at age 60 years, in the aerobic exercise group compared with the stretching and toning group.
However, cortical thickness in the left frontal brain region significantly increased in all participants in the aerobic exercise group regardless of age. Neither type of exercise had an effect on memory.
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1149. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2495
An increase in measles cases in Australia and the USA is prompting pediatricians to consider earlier MMR vaccination in infants at risk.
According to the US CDC, infants generally receive the Measles, mumps, and rubella or MMR vaccine at 12-15 months of age. With the plummeting intensity of the epidemic, physicians are calling for the vaccination to be given as early as 9 months.
Dr Vicky Sheppeard, Director – Communicable Diseases Org, NSW, is urging physicians to consider early vaccination of infants, especially if the families intent on travelling countries such as Philippines, India or Thailand.
Measles Emergency in the Philippines
The Department of Health (DoH) has declared measles outbreaks in 5 Regions (Region NCR, III, IVA, VI, VII) on 7 February 2019. Between January and March 2019, the DOH reported 25,676 measles cases including 355 deaths.Read More
The Department of Health – Center for Health Development (DOH-CHD) XII noted an increase of 201% in Dengue cases when compared last year.
Regional Epidemiology Surveillance Unit (RESU) reported 5 deaths and 3,211 infected persons for this year alone.
Most of the cases have been reported from provinces like Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City. Residents in these regions were urged to be cautious and to follow established anti-dengue protocols.
“We now have the enhanced 4S strategy. It is enhanced because we are adding three more diseases particularly malaria, chikungunya and zika which are vector borne diseases from mosquitoes,” said Dr. Imelda Quiñones, a Medical Officer with the DOH.
What is the 4s Strategy?
The 4S strategy consists of: Search and destroy breeding places, Secure self-protection, Seek early consultation, and Saying No to indiscriminate fogging.
This program has been a central component in the DOH strategy for preventive control of Dengue in the region.Read More